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Ontario Coat of Arms

Environment and Land Tribunals Ontario


OMB Information

Legislation and Regulations

The Board obtains its jurisdiction from many different public and private statues statutes for individual municipalities, which give specific jurisdiction and authority to the Board. Most of the Board's work, however, arises under the following acts:

The Ontario Municipal Board Act establishes the Board's authority and general jurisdiction, and provides authority for the Board's Rules of Procedure.

The Planning Act governs land use planning and development in the province of Ontario. The Board may hear appeals based on the decisions of local authorities. The Act sets out who is eligible to make an appeal to the Board, and the procedures that must be followed to do so.

The Municipal Act sets out the broad areas of authority in which municipalities can act in order to respond to taxpayers needs. The Act also details what municipalities can do and how they must do it.

The Aggregate Resources Act provides for the standards and policies that aggregate and petroleum industries must comply with. The Act aims to ensure long-term management of resources and reduces negative impacts on the public.

The Development Charges Act grants municipalities the right to impose charges on developers to pay for new services and infrastructure needed for growth. Also provides for Education Development Charges.

The Expropriations Act provides for a means for those expropriated to receive fair compensation when their lands are expropriated or affected by nearby expropriation. It also sets out the authority and process that must be followed in order to expropriate.

The Consolidated Hearings Act provides a streamlined hearing process for municipal, private and provincial projects or proposed activities that might otherwise require hearings by more than one tribunal.

The Environmental Assessment Act is an example of legislation that the Board deals with under the Consolidated Hearings Act (by way of a Joint Board with Members of the Environmental Assessment and Appeal Board).

The Statutory Powers Procedure Act defines rules and procedures for various tribunal proceedings such as hearings and motions.

The Ontario Heritage Act gives municipalities and the provincial government powers to preserve the heritage of Ontario. The primary focus of the act is the protection of heritage buildings and archaeological sites. The legislation also mandates the Ontario Heritage Trust, a Crown agency, and the Conservation Review Board, a tribunal that hears objections to municipal and provincial decisions under the act.

To review other legislation and acts visit the E-Laws website. Acts and Regulations are also sold through:

Publications Ontario Bookstore

ServiceOntario Centre

College Park Building

777 Bay Street, Market Level

(Corner of Bay and College Streets)


Phone: 1-800-668-9938 / 416-326-5300

Fax: 416-326-5317

Government Information Centre

110 Laurier Street West


Phone: 1-800-268-8758 or locally at 613-238-3630

TDD for the hearing/speech impaired: (416) 326-8566

For other General Inquiries about other statutes contact the Board at (416) 326-6800 or Toll Free 1-866-887-8820.